(Portal to Main Site is below)


(Non-U.S.) Black Powder, Metallic Cartridge, Military Rifles

from about 1865 to about 1890

(A Research, Photo-Identification and Information Website since 1997)

 The mere 23 years between1865, when the development of the dependable metallic cartridge case finally allowed military breech-loaders to seal in a practical manner, and about 1888, when most European nations were adopting "smokeless" powder, sub-calibre (that is, 8 mm!) ammunition, was a dramatic age of innovation and transition for the small arms of the world's military forces.   At that time, there was no consensus regarding the rifle of the future, especially what kind of action would emerge as the dominant form, which had been the cap lock's for nearly the previous century.  Indeed, during this turbulent period, there were no fewer than two dozen distinctly different rifle action types (and a great many lesser variants) adopted by front line armies and gendarmes throughout the world; not experimentally, but readied for war.  Europe, Central America, South America and Japan were political cauldrons during this era, with imperialistic rivalries at home and around the globe, and bona fide arms races engaged in by virtually every government on the continent.  It was a time of turmoil, and, of course, a time of wonderful, creative innovation!
This site is dedicated to these arms, the recognition, description and study of:

Non-U.S., Black Powder,Metallic Cartridge, Military Rifles

The Rifles of the "Age of Transition" (1865-1890)

Main Rifles* Photo & Info Index

(Please click anywhere on this link)
* This site is dedicated to Rifles.  For information relating to carbines, may I suggest: www.carbinesforcollectors.com

Permission to use Materials:
Copyright Notice:  Permission to use is hereby granted on condition that you (1) advise me by e-mail of the use that you are making, (2) that you properly attribute the source of the materials that you use and (3) send me if I ask a copy (electronic is fine) of your article or chapter or whatever.  I don't expect a free copy of a book, although I'd like to know when such is published.

All photos and printed materials on this website are Copyright 1997-2007 Keith Doyon (KeithDoyon at KeithDoyon(.).com) OR owned by the respective contributors, and may not be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system, or transmitted in whole or in part or by any means, electronic or mechanical, photocopying, recording, or otherwise, without the permission of the author which is hereby granted upon the conditions above. Please copy this paragraph to act as your permission to use, along with a copy of your e-mail notification to me of your use.

   To E-Mail Keith Doyon please send to:  KeithDoyon at MilitaryRifles(.)com

Copyright 1997-2007 Keith Doyon (KeithDoyon at MilitaryRifles(.).com)
Ph 608-204-9967



    a little something that I like to re-read from time to time....
    careful ... it's pretty radical stuff ....SECRET RADICAL TEXT

Remington, Wanzl, Werndl, Kropatchek, Mannlicher, Apteirtes, Werder, Terssen, Albini,  Braendlin, Comblain, Snider, Enfield, Martini, Metford, Krag-Petersson, Tabatiere, Gras, Mauser,  Mylonas,  Beaumont, Vetterli,  Vitali,  Ferracciu, Murata, Meiji, Wessley, Westley, Richards, Scheel, Gregersen, Lund, Landmark, Jarmann, Guedes, Krnka, Baranov, Berdan, Milovanovitch,  Oviedo, Milbank, Amsler