M1868 Roumanian Peabody:

GENERALLY:  The M1868 Romanian Peabody is very similar to the other rifles in the Peabody military family of models, such as the M1866 Canadian and the M1867 Swiss military Peabodys.  Hull states that 25,000 were made, while Walters indicates that about 30,000 were purchased in the years 1867-1869 (this would have been while Roumania was still a Province of the Turkish Ottoman Empire, (Roumania became independent in 1878, co-inciding with adoption of the M1879 Roumanian Peabody-Martini) perhaps explaining why there is confusion regarding the chambering of this rifle with the cartridge of the M1872 Turkish Peabody-Martini).

PHOTO:   The Photo shown is a M1868 Roumanian Model Peabody, but apparently not a rifle that was ever delivered to, or officially issued by, Roumania in that, but for the Providence Tool Company markings is otherwise unmarked.

DISTINGUISHING CHARECTERISTICS:  The rifle looks very much like the Swiss Peabody and is marked with the standard peabody patent information on the left side fo the receiver.  At least with regard to some rifles officially delivered to and issued by Roumania, markings include among other things, "Modelo Romano" on the right side receiver flat.  Walters also indicates that the Roumanian model had a "leaf-type firing pin retractor spring" but, while that might be true of Romanian issue rifles, it is not true generally of the Roumanian model, not show in the Providence Tool Company's literature (whilst the coil-type firing pin retractor spring of the .43 Spanish model is so shown) and is not present in the Roumanin model illustrated at this site.

MISC NOTES:  Any additional information regarding the Roumanian Model's as-issued in Roumania markings would be sincerely appreciated.  Also, be sure to see the Peabody and Peabody-Martinis page for substantial additional information regarding the Roumanian and other military Peabody rifles.



The cleaning rod, being for a .45 Calibre bore, is unique to the M1868 Roumanian.

A good view of the most noticable external distinguishing charecteristic of the M1868 Roumanian,
that sight leaf extending back to the receiver.

Another close-up view of the M1868 Roumanian rear sight leaf extending back to the receiver.

More M1868 Roumanian Peabody Photos:

M1868 Roumanian Peabody and M1867 Swiss Peabody Compared:

The .45 cal M1868 Roumanian Peabody Cartridge:



Page first built: September 24, 1999
Revised December 30, 2001